As of MinecraftEdu 1.7.10 build 14 we've added new mods to MinecraftEdu. You can get all of these mods through MinecraftEdu Launcher.
These mods are found to work well with MinecraftEdu.
ComputerCraftEdu adds programmable turtle robots to Minecraft to teach introductory programming.
Official website: http://computercraftedu.com/
Author(s): Daniel Ratcliffe, TeacherGaming
The Custom Npcs mod lets you create your own npcs and lets you customize them how you want.
Author(s): Noppes, DarkSignal(AI), Foxz(Commands)
These mods are not yet well tested with MinecraftEdu.
BiblioCraft adds fancy storage containers including bookcases, armor stands, potion shelves, regular shelves, tool racks, glass weapon cases, wooden desks and wooden chest labels and now add machines, redstone interactions, and eyeware, fancy lamps and golden lanterns. Also Tables, enchanted plates, map frames, and seats!
Official website: http://www.bibliocraftmod.com/
Author(s): Joseph 'Nuchaz' Sinclair
Extending Minecraft with pipes, auto-crafting, quarries, engines and much more!
Official website: http://www.mod-buildcraft.com/
Author(s): SpaceToad, BuildCraft Team
Dynamic, Google Maps style web maps for Minecraft Servers
Official website: http://www.curse.com/mc-mods/minecraft/dynmapforge
Minechem is a mod that explores chemistry and some basic physics in the Minecraft world. With a bit of effort, you can decompose the everyday items around you into compounds and elements. You can then combine and re-assemble the elements into compounds and materials of your choosing.
Official website: https://jakimfett.github.io/Minechem/
Author(s): jakimfett (current), pixlepix (former)
An absolutely huge farming and food mod.
Author(s): Pamela Collins
A technical mod all about pneumatics!
Official website: http://www.minemaarten.com/
Easy to use in-game world editor for Minecraft.
Official website: http://wiki.sk89q.com/wiki/WorldEdit
Author(s): sk89q, wizjany, TomyLobo